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General information about irbesartan

Irbesartan tablets may be administered with other antihypertensive agents and with or without food. Irbesartan tablets has not been studied in pediatric patients less than 6 years old. II receptor antagonists, ACE inhibitors are used during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. 1 26 See Boxed Warning. Heparin Low Molecular Weight: May enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. American Heart Association task force on practice guidelines, and the American College of Physicians, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Circulation. price for serophene prescription

Irbesartan ingredients

Manufactured by: Macleods Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Check your blood pressure regularly while taking this medication. Learn how to monitor your own blood pressure, and share the results with your doctor. Increases in serum lithium concentrations and lithium toxicity have been reported with concomitant use of irbesartan or thiazide diuretics. Monitor lithium levels in patients receiving Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide and lithium. Novartis. Diovan valsartan tablets prescribing information. East Hanover, NJ; 2002 Jul. Irbesartan was not mutagenic in a battery of in vitro tests Ames microbial test, rat hepatocyte DNA repair test, V79 mammalian-cell forward gene-mutation assay. Irbesartan was negative in several tests for induction of chromosomal aberrations in vitro-human lymphocyte assay; in vivo-mouse micronucleus study.

American Stroke Association Stroke

Ciprofloxacin Systemic: Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers may enhance the arrhythmogenic effect of Ciprofloxacin Systemic. Potassium-Sparing Diuretics: Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers may enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Potassium-Sparing Diuretics. Drospirenone: Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers may enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Drospirenone. Black hypertensive patients generally tend to respond better to monotherapy with calcium-channel blockers or thiazide diuretics than to angiotensin II receptor antagonists. 500 501 504 However, diminished response to an angiotensin II receptor antagonist is largely eliminated when administered concomitantly with a calcium-channel blocker or thiazide diuretic.

How to take irbesartan

National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative. As a consequence of inhibiting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, changes in renal function may be anticipated in susceptible individuals. If you have diabetes, this product may affect your blood sugar levels. Check your blood sugar levels regularly as directed by your doctor. Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication, exercise program, or diet. Irbesartan: No data are available in regard to overdosage in humans. However, daily doses of 900 mg for 8 weeks were well tolerated. The most likely manifestations of overdosage are expected to be hypotension and tachycardia; bradycardia might also occur from overdose. Irbesartan is not removed by hemodialysis.



About irbesartan

Granger CB, McMurray JJ, Yusuf S et al. Effects of candesartan in patients with chronic heart failure and reduced left-ventricular systolic function intolerant to angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors: the CHARM-Alternative trial. Lancet. Refer to storage information printed on the package. In separate studies of patients receiving maintenance doses of warfarin, hydrochlorothiazide, or digoxin, irbesartan administration for 7 days had no effect on the pharmacodynamics of warfarin prothrombin time or pharmacokinetics of digoxin. The pharmacokinetics of irbesartan were not affected by coadministration of nifedipine or hydrochlorothiazide. Impaired renal function, including cases of renal failure, has been reported. Angiotensin II receptor antagonists are recommended as one of several preferred agents for the initial management of hypertension; other options include ACE inhibitors, calcium-channel blockers, and thiazide diuretics. 501 502 503 504 While there may be individual differences with respect to specific outcomes, these antihypertensive drug classes all produce comparable effects on overall mortality and cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal outcomes. Corticosteroids, ACTH: intensified electrolyte depletion, particularly hypokalemia. If oliguria or hypotension occurs, direct attention toward support of blood pressure and renal perfusion. Irbesartan is a specific competitive antagonist of AT 1 receptors with a much greater affinity more than 8500-fold for the AT 1 receptor than for the AT 2 receptor, and no agonist activity.



Where can I get more information?

Hydrochlorothiazide: Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic. Thiazides affect the renal tubular mechanisms of electrolyte reabsorption, directly increasing excretion of sodium and chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Indirectly, the diuretic action of hydrochlorothiazide reduces plasma volume, with consequent increases in plasma renin activity, increases in aldosterone secretion, increases in urinary potassium loss, and decreases in serum potassium. The renin-aldosterone link is mediated by angiotensin II, so coadministration of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist tends to reverse the potassium loss associated with these diuretics. Sipahi I, Debanne SM, Rowland DY et al. Angiotensin-receptor blockade and risk of cancer: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Lancet Oncol. Dual blockade of the RAS with angiotensin-receptor blockers, ACE inhibitors, or aliskiren is associated with increased risks of hypotension, hyperkalemia, and changes in renal function including acute renal failure compared to monotherapy. Closely monitor blood pressure, renal function, and electrolytes in patients on irbesartan and other agents that affect the RAS. Unless otherwise indicated, percentage of incidence is reported for patients with hypertension. Potassium Salts: May enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. The combination of hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan is used to treat high blood pressure hypertension. Peterson ED, Gaziano JM, Greenland P. Recommendations for treating hypertension: what are the right goals and purposes? It is not known whether irbesartan is excreted in human milk, but irbesartan or some metabolite of irbesartan is secreted at low concentration in the milk of lactating rats. It is not known whether hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well. Most people with high blood pressure do not feel sick. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Concomitant use of irbesartan and aliskiren in patients with diabetes mellitus. a b 550 See Specific Drugs under Interactions. Hydrochlorothiazide: Hydrochlorothiazide crosses the placental but not the blood-brain barrier and is excreted in breast milk. To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position. Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide is indicated for the treatment of hypertension. tamoxifen



Reviews for irbesartan

The dose of irbesartan to treat hypertension is 150 mg to 300 mg once daily. The dose of irbesartan to treat diabetic is 300 mg once daily. Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic water pill that helps prevent your body from absorbing too much salt, which can cause fluid retention. Food and Drug Administration. WebMD does not endorse any specific product, service, or treatment. Do not consider WebMD User-generated content as medical advice. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. WebMD understands that reading individual, real-life experiences can be a helpful resource, but it is never a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a qualified health care provider. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or dial 911 immediately. Velasquez MT. Angiotensin II receptor blockers: a new class of hypertensive drugs. Arch Fam Med. Monitor serum potassium in such patients. In hypertensive patients, chronic oral doses of irbesartan up to 300 mg had no effect on glomerular filtration rate, renal plasma flow or filtration fraction. In multiple dose studies in hypertensive patients, there were no clinically important effects on fasting triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, or fasting glucose concentrations. There was no effect on serum uric acid during chronic oral administration, and no uricosuric effect. Severe dehydration is a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately. MRHD during their respective periods of major organogenesis, there was no evidence of fetal harm. Tell female patients of childbearing age about the consequences of exposure to Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide during pregnancy. Discuss treatment options with women planning to become pregnant. Ask patients to report pregnancies to their physician as soon as possible. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose? The information on this page is not a substitute for the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that a drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Drugs. epit.info coversyl



Irbesartan adult dosage

Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. Irbesartan is not recommended for use during pregnancy. If used during the second and third trimesters, irbesartan can cause and fetal death. It is unknown if irbesartan passes into breast milk. Because of the potential for unwanted effects in a nursing infant, breastfeeding while using irbesartan is not recommended. Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. If combined, monitor potassium, creatinine, and blood pressure closely. The antihypertensive effects of irbesartan were examined in 7 major placebo-controlled, 8- to 12-week trials in patients with baseline diastolic blood pressures of 95 to 110 mmHg. Doses of 1 to 900 mg were included in these trials in order to fully explore the dose-range of irbesartan. Drug Interactions: Hydrochlorothiazide: Alcohol, barbiturates, or narcotics: Potentiation of orthostatic hypotension may occur. Irbesartan is an angiotensin receptor blocker ARB and works by relaxing vessels so that can flow more easily. Hydrochlorothiazide is a "water pill" that causes you to make more urine, which helps your body get rid of extra salt and water. Sica DA. Angiotensin receptor blockers and the risk of malignancy: a note of caution. Drug Saf. Irbesartan is an orally active agent that does not require biotransformation into an active form. The oral absorption of irbesartan is rapid and complete with an average absolute bioavailability of 60 to 80%. Documentation of allergenic cross-reactivity for angiotensin receptor blockers is limited. This medication may increase your levels. Before using potassium or salt substitutes that contain potassium, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Hydrochlorothiazide: Hydrochlorothiazide can cause hypokalemia and hyponatremia. Hypomagnesemia can result in hypokalemia which appears difficult to treat despite potassium repletion. Drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system can cause hyperkalemia. Monitor serum electrolytes periodically. You can have mild, moderate, or severe dehydration depending on how much fluid is missing from your body. No gender-related differences in pharmacokinetics were observed in healthy elderly age 65 to 80 years or in healthy young age 18 to 40 years subjects. In studies of hypertensive patients, there was no gender difference in half-life or accumulation, but somewhat higher plasma concentrations of irbesartan were observed in females 11% to 44%. No gender-related dosage adjustment is necessary. Distributed into milk in rats; not known whether distributed into human milk. Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. not store in the bathroom. Keep all away from children and pets. Overdose symptoms may include fast or slow heartbeat, feeling light-headed, or fainting. spirotone money order pharmacy australia



What are the possible side effects of irbesartan

The pharmacokinetics of irbesartan following repeated oral administration were not significantly affected in patients with mild to moderate cirrhosis of the liver. No dosage adjustment is necessary in patients with hepatic insufficiency. Carvedilol: CYP2C9 Inhibitors Moderate may increase the serum concentration of Carvedilol. Specifically, concentrations of the S-carvedilol enantiomer may be increased. Irbesartan would be expected to behave similarly. Irbesartan USP is a white to off-white crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 428. Hydrochlorothiazide is slightly soluble in water and freely soluble in sodium hydroxide solution. Pitt B, Segal R, Martinez FA et al. Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE. Lancet. Williams CL, Hayman LL, Daniels SR et al. Cardiovascular health in childhood: a statement for health professional from the Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young AHOY of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association. Circulation.



How should i store irbesartan

Early diagnosis and treatment of peripheral neuropathy is important, because the peripheral nerves have a limited capacity to regenerate, and treatment may only stop the progression -- not reverse damage. If you have become severely impaired, you may need to help retain strength and avoid muscle cramping and spasms. Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Once-daily administration of therapeutic doses of irbesartan gave peak effects at around 3 to 6 hours and, in one ambulatory blood pressure monitoring study, again around 14 hours. This was seen with both once-daily and twice-daily dosing. Trough-to-peak ratios for systolic and diastolic response were generally between 60% to 70%. In a continuous ambulatory blood pressure monitoring study, once-daily dosing with 150 mg gave trough and mean 24-hour responses similar to those observed in patients receiving twice-daily dosing at the same total daily dose. Of 4925 subjects receiving irbesartan in controlled clinical studies of hypertension, 911 18. Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide was not mutagenic in standard in vitro tests Ames microbial test and Chinese hamster mammalian-cell forward gene-mutation assay. No data are available in regard to overdosage in humans. However, daily doses of 900 mg for 8 weeks were well-tolerated. The most likely manifestations of overdosage are expected to be hypotension and tachycardia; bradycardia might also occur from overdose. Irbesartan is not removed by hemodialysis. Lortab, Vicodin meperidine Demerol methadone Methadose oxycodone OxyContin propoxyphene Darvon, Darvocet and others. Studies in animals indicate that radiolabeled irbesartan weakly crosses the blood-brain barrier and placenta. Irbesartan is excreted in the milk of lactating rats. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. Do not coadminister aliskiren with Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide in patients with diabetes. Irbesartan is excreted in the milk of lactating rats. Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide than in the group treated with irbesartan. Intended Use and Disclaimer: Should not be printed and given to patients. This information is intended to serve as a concise initial reference for healthcare professionals to use when discussing medications with a patient. You must ultimately rely on your own discretion, experience and judgment in diagnosing, treating and advising patients. Nicorandil: May enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. In most patients no benefit has been associated with using two RAS inhibitors concomitantly. In general, avoid combined use of RAS inhibitors. Lithium: Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers may increase the serum concentration of Lithium. Management: Lithium dosage reductions will likely be needed following the addition of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. best place buy slimex



Irbesartan uses

Sulfonamide or sulfonamide derivative drugs, such as hydrochlorothiazide, can cause an idiosyncratic reaction, resulting in transient myopia and acute angle-closure glaucoma. Cases of acute angle-closure glaucoma have been reported with hydrochlorothiazide. Symptoms include acute onset of decreased visual acuity or ocular pain and typically occur within hours to weeks of drug initiation. Untreated acute angle-closure glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss. The primary treatment is to discontinue drug intake as rapidly as possible. Prompt medical or surgical treatments may need to be considered if the intraocular pressure remains uncontrolled. Risk factors for developing acute angle-closure glaucoma may include a history of sulfonamide or penicillin allergy. Study VI, the overall pattern of adverse events reported through 7 weeks of follow-up was similar in patients treated with Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide as initial therapy and in patients treated with irbesartan as initial therapy. Renal impairment: Use with caution with preexisting renal insufficiency. Hypotension-Associated Agents: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Hypotension-Associated Agents. Get a every year. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: gout, kidney disease, liver disease, lupus, severe loss of body water and minerals dehydration. Kasiske VL, Kalil RSN, Ma JZ et al. Effect of antihypertensive therapy on the kidney in patients with diabetes: a meta-regression analysis. Ann Intern Med. Radioactivity was present in the rat and rabbit fetus during late gestation and in rat milk following oral doses of radiolabeled irbesartan. In rare cases, irbesartan can cause a condition that results in the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, leading to kidney failure. Call your doctor right away if you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness especially if you also have fever, unusual tiredness, and dark colored urine. The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Decisions to include these reactions in labeling are typically based on one or more of the following factors: 1 seriousness of the reaction, 2 frequency of reporting, or 3 strength of causal connection to Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide tablets. This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Limit your time in the sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use and wear protective clothing when outdoors. cost of micardis in uk



Indications and usage of irbesartan

Rebound hypertension was not observed. Aliskiren: May enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. Aliskiren may enhance the hypotensive effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. Aliskiren may enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. Management: Aliskiren use with ACEIs or ARBs in patients with diabetes is contraindicated. Methylphenidate: May diminish the antihypertensive effect of Antihypertensive Agents. Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs. BP reduction may be smaller in black patients than in patients of other races. 1 26 69 70 See Hypertension under Uses. Crosses the placenta and is distributed in the fetus in animals. DOQI Clinical practice guidelines on hypertension and antihypertensive agents in chronic kidney disease 2002. From National Kidney Foundation website. These trials included 3149 patients randomized to fixed doses of irbesartan 37. Irbesartan does not inhibit ACE or renin or affect other hormone receptors or ion channels known to be involved in the cardiovascular regulation of blood pressure and sodium homeostasis. Because irbesartan does not inhibit ACE, it does not affect the response to bradykinin; whether this has clinical relevance is not known. Aspergillus nidulans non-disjunction assay at an unspecified concentration. No patient discontinued due to increases or decreases in serum potassium. On average, the combination of Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide had no effect on serum potassium. Higher doses of irbesartan ameliorated the hypokalemic response to hydrochlorothiazide. Tell patients using Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide that getting dehydrated can lower their blood pressure too much and lead to lightheadedness and possible fainting. Dehydration may occur with excessive sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting and with not drinking enough liquids. Sanofi-Aventis. Avalide irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide tablets prescribing information. Bridgewater, NJ; 2016 Feb. In patients with essential hypertension treated with Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide alone, one patient was discontinued due to elevated liver enzymes. isoptin



No dosage adjustment necessary

WebMD User Reviews should not be considered as medical advice and are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. WebMD understands that reading individual, real-life experiences may be a helpful health information resource but they are never a substitute for professional medical advice from a qualified healthcare provider. ACE inhibitors also may increase the risk of major congenital malformations when administered during the first trimester of pregnancy. National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on Hypertension Control in Children and Adolescents. The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. Refer to adult dosing. Sanofi-Aventis. Avapro irbesartan tablets prescribing information. Bridgewater, NJ; 2016 Feb. This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist. Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Get up slowly and steady yourself to prevent a fall. Where can I get more information? Hydrochlorothiazide was not genotoxic in vitro in the Ames mutagenicity assay of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 98, TA 100, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538 and in the Chinese Hamster Ovary CHO test for chromosomal aberrations, or in vivo in assays using mouse germinal cell chromosomes, Chinese hamster bone marrow chromosomes, and the Drosophila sex-linked recessive lethal trait gene. Analysis of age, gender, and race subgroups of patients showed that men and women, and patients over and under 65 years of age, had generally similar responses. Irbesartan was effective in reducing blood pressure regardless of race, although the effect was somewhat less in blacks usually a low-renin population. This drug may also be used to treat heart failure. Products meeting necessary bioequivalence requirements. Irbesartan is used to treat high blood pressure hypertension and to help protect the kidneys from damage due to diabetes. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Irbesartan belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers ARBs. It works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. The 7 studies of irbesartan monotherapy included a total of 1915 patients randomized to irbesartan 1 to 900 mg and 611 patients randomized to placebo. MRHD on a basis.



Does irbesartan interact with other medications

Brimonidine Topical: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan Avalide? In healthy black patients, AUC values were approximately 25% greater than white patients. Initial dosage of 75 mg once daily used in clinical trial. 1 Increase dosage to target maintenance dosage of 300 mg once daily. 1 No data available on effects of lower dosages. Pasternak B, Svanström H, Callréus T et al. Use of angiotensin receptor blockers and the risk of cancer. Circulation. buy entocort shop australia



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How to use irbesartan


Irbesartan overdose

Importance of women informing their clinician if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed. Usually you replace the lost liquid by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water. In the unusual case that there is no appropriate alternative to therapy with drugs affecting the renin-angiotensin system for a particular patient, apprise the mother of the potential risk to the fetus. Perform serial ultrasound examinations to assess the intra-amniotic environment. If oligohydramnios is observed, discontinue Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide, unless it is considered lifesaving for the mother. Fetal testing may be appropriate, based on the week of pregnancy. Patients and physicians should be aware, however, that oligohydramnios may not appear until after the fetus has sustained irreversible injury. theophylline

What should i avoid while taking irbesartan

This product may affect your potassium levels. Before using potassium supplements or salt substitutes that contain potassium, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Use cautiously, if at all, with these agents and monitor potassium closely. Irbesartan is available for oral administration in unscored tablets containing 75 mg, 150 mg, or 300 mg of Irbesartan USP. Inactive ingredients include: calcium stearate, carboxy methyl cellulose calcium, colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose and povidone. Educate patient about signs of a significant reaction eg, wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects.

Common side effects of irbesartan

The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens for example, your increase. Two of the 7 placebo-controlled trials identified above examined the antihypertensive effects of irbesartan and hydrochlorothiazide in combination. Cases of increased CPK and rhabdomyolysis have been reported in patients receiving angiotensin II receptor blockers.

Irbesartan is not removed by hemodialysis

Eplerenone: May enhance the hyperkalemic effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. ACCF, AHA, and the Heart Failure Society of America HFSA recommend that patients with chronic symptomatic heart failure and reduced LVEF NYHA class II or III who are able to tolerate an ACE inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor antagonist be switched to therapy containing an ARNI to further reduce morbidity and mortality. Hg may still be considered. Eliminated in urine and feces via bile.

Laboratory determinations of serum levels of irbesartan are not widely available, and such determinations have, in any event, no known established role in the management of irbesartan overdose. Diazoxide: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Alfuzosin: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA Drug Safety Communication: new warning and contraindication for blood pressure medicines containing aliskiren Tekturna. Rockville, MD; 2012 April 20. From FDA website.

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